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A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Core Web Vitals in Google Search Console

Core Web Vitals in Google Search Console, Core Web Vitals

Now in the current historical scope, it was more user experience where Google was influenced to decide on search rankings. Following this, Google introduced Core Web Vitals as a set of specific factors that defined how fast and optimized a web page was for users. Knowing Core Web Vitals is essential to website owners and developers in optimizing the sites for better user experience and search engine performance. This in-depth guide will discuss aspects of Core Web Vitals, their importance in the Google Search Console, common problems with them, their impact on SEO, and strategies for improving and solving Core Web Vitals problems.

What are Core Web Vitals?

Core Web Vitals are a set of specific factors that Google considers crucial in determining the overall user experience of a web page. The important ones include:

Largest Contentful Paint (LCP): Measure loading performance by identifying how long it takes for the largest content element to be viewable.

First Input Delay (FID): Measure the interactivity and responsiveness of a web page by measuring how long it takes for the page to respond to a user’s first interaction, like clicking on a link or a button.

Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS): Measure the unexpected layout shifts of a web page that occur while loading.

Importance in Google Search Console

The Google Search Console is the tool that helps webmasters to have detailed insight into how one website gets viewed by Google search results. Websites are essential to Core Web Vitals, with Google Search Console having the ability to offer owners of websites a detailed understanding of the site’s user experience, especially where it comes to the loading performance, interactivity, and visual stability. Core Web Vitals data analysis is based on data from the Google Search Console. As an optimizer, I can suggest ideas on which areas in webmasters' sites are vulnerable or, in other words, how webmasters can improve their webmasters' performance.

Common Issues Related to Core Web Vitals

* Slow Loading Times: Most people come across an issue related to Core Web Vitals, which is slow loading times, as indicated by high LCP scores. These factors might include large unoptimized images, render-blocking resources, or inefficient server response times.

* High First Input Delay: In some instances, websites may have high FID scores, which will be triggering a sluggish and unresponsive user interface. An explanation for such an issue could be long JavaScript execution time that causes blocking of the main thread, thus leading to a delay in the process of user input.

* Visual Instability: A very high score on CLS may indicate that there are unexpected shifts in the layout of a web page that disrupt the user experience and cause frustration. Examples of these elements that could lead to this include non-dimensioned images, dynamically inserted content, and late-loading images and ads.

The Impact of Core Web Vitals on SEO

* User Experience and Ranking: A good CLS score can indicate layout shifts that disrupt the user experience and trigger frustration. Examples of these issues that might cause this include non-dimensioned images, dynamically inserted content, and late-loading images and ads.

* Page Experience Update: The emphasis in the ranking signal of the Page Experience update of Google was on how these metrics contribute to SEO. Websites that perform well in these metrics of Core Web Vitals will enjoy better visibility and, if required, better rankings in Google’s search results.

Strategies to Improve and Resolve the Problem with Core Web Vitals:

1. Enhance Largest Contentful Paint (LCP): Large images are enhancing the overall size of files, so compress them to bring down their size without compromising picture quality. Use a lazy loading image and video delivery system to display content found above the fold first. CDNs (Content Delivery Networks) must be used in order to effectively deliver content to the users no matter their geographical location.

2. Improve First Input Delay (FID): Code optimization, including removal of unnecessary third-party scripts and minimization of code, should be used to optimize JavaScript code. Use browser caching in storing frequently used resources locally so there is no need to revisit the download every time. Use code splitting techniques where only important JavaScript files for above-the-fold content are loaded first, followed by other scripts when needed.

3. Provide a solution to Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS): Specify dimensions for media elements, images, and videos, which cause late layout shifting from content not being loaded early. Reserve space for ads and other dynamically injected content in order to avoid sudden breaks in layout upon their loading. Make use of CSS properties such as aspect-ratio and intrinsic-ratio to prevent unexpected layout changes through content.


Core Web Vitals are handy in the evaluation and optimization of the user experience of a website. After understanding these metrics and why they matter in the Google Search Console, website owners and developers can be able to identify certain problems, make websites more SEO-friendly, and develop effective strategies to improve and solve problems that are related to Core Web Vitals. As the Google Search algorithm continues to place a priority on user experience, Core Web Vitals become a must-master for staying competitive in the digital arena.

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